Will my loft/Attic need Planning Permission, is it suitable for conversion & how much will it cost?
Do you like your house & love where you live but could do with a bit more space? perhaps a room for the kids or a master suite you can retreat to if so a loft conversion might be the ideal solution!
Loft/Attic Conversions come in all shapes and sizes, from a very basic loft conversion to a high-end loft conversion such as creating a luxury master bedroom suite.
Undoubtedly you will have lots of questions such as….
- Where do I start?
- Who should I speak to first?
- How do I know if my Loft suitable for conversion?
- Do I require Planning Permission?
- Do I need a Building Warrant?
- How much will it cost?
This Guide has been written for you, to help you appreciate the design & construction process of a loft conversion project as well as looking at what permissions are required & how much a loft conversion is likely to cost.
Where do I start? & Who should I speak to first?
It can be confusing knowing who you should speak with right at the beginning, it might be an idea to speak to a builder, but the builder will generally ask for a set of drawings to assist him.
So, while builders at great at building they don’t always know the current building regulations and rely on the Architect to provide this information.
Therefore the best place to start is to speak with an Architectural firm that specializes in Loft conversions.
A feasibility study will be carried out to ascertain if the loft may be suitable for conversion, this is critical and will save you time and money.
This ‘homework’ will pay dividends, there is a big issue in the construction industry of people starting design and construction before they have fully done their research and homework.
It only causes cost overruns later if you take shortcuts and don’t establish solid foundations.
Is my loft suitable for conversion?
This is the question your Architect will answer during the feasibility study.
At the moment your loft is probably cold and dark and provides a comfortable home for beasties, maybe some pipework or a redundant water tank!
It may though be possible to convert it into that extra room or maybe a master bedroom suite you have always dreamed about.
This is a lengthy guide but stick with us as it gives you a good idea of what’s involved in a loft conversion project.
The good news is that most houses are suitable for a loft conversion although you should be aware that some lofts or attics are easier to convert than others, although it depends on what you have in mind and probably more importantly what your budget is.
There are several practical considerations when deciding as to whether is economically viable to convert your loft space
- HEAD HEIGHT – Head height needs to be comfortable, although strangely enough there are no building regulations governing the minimum head height required although there are building regulations that govern stairs and head height, a minimum of 2.0m is required at the bottom of the stairs, all the way up the stairs and at the top landing
- STAIRS – As well as having the required head height on a stair, consideration needs to be given to the location of the new staircase as the space required for a stair can take up more space than you might realize.
The stair needs to be compliant with building regulations (Scotland), the main points are:
- Maximum pitch 42°
- Maximum rise 220mm
- Stair width 900mm or 600mm*
*Note: 600mm where it serves only sanitary accommodation and/or one room other than accessible sanitary accommodation, a kitchen or an enhanced apartment.
- STRUCTURE – Depending on the existing roof structure or how radically different you intend to make things will have a bearing upon the structural design, this can potentially where a lot of the budget gets eaten up.
Normally a roof is designed to be just that, a roof! Fine for storing your Christmas tree but generally it is not designed for habitation and all the extra loading that will be put upon it.
A Structural Engineer will need to be engaged to complete the new structural design for the loft conversion, there is no ‘one size fits all’ solution, each project will be unique so therefore a structural design specific to the project will be required. Fig 1 on the following page shows the process that is followed to give the best results.
It might be good to mention to you at this point it’s worth thinking about how much space that you will gain and how much space you might lose! For example, if you need to sacrifice a bedroom to make way for a staircase and you are only gaining one bedroom then you might question the sense of this, but if you must sacrifice a bedroom to create 2 bedrooms & a bathroom then this obviously makes more sense.
It’s also worth remembering that a loft conversion might not be for everyone, the floor space is normally good but it’s not all useable because of the sloping ceilings.
- LOFT CONVERSION TYPE – are you intending to carry out a bungalow loft conversion, a loft conversion to a two-storey semi-detached or detached house or perhaps a top storey tenement loft conversion.
There are lots of variations on this theme, with all shapes and sizes of Loft conversions
A bungalow loft conversion is perhaps the easiest in terms of complying with fire safety regulations (Building standards) which will be reflected in the cost of the conversion.
A loft conversion to a two-storey house is a little more involved, appropriate levels of fire separation must be maintained between the two properties (semi-detached), fire protection will also be required to allow a safe passage out of the building for the occupants of the loft, in practical terms this means extra protection to the first-floor ceiling and fitting fire doors.
Top floor tenement loft conversions are more complex and require a high level of fire protection such as a sprinkler system if we combine this with working at such height it makes this type of conversion challenging, but depending on what space is available for conversion can still be a worthwhile project.
Will I need Planning Permission & a Building Warrant for my Loft for conversion?
This depends on what your plans include, you may or may not require planning permission.
A basic loft conversion such as the one shown above will generally not require planning permission, however, if your property is in a conservation area or is a listed building you may require listed building consent and Planning permission.
If you want to add dormer windows or change the style or shape of the roof you will normally require planning permission.
We at John Webster Architecture have handled many planning applications for loft conversions, this is the process we follow:
It’s not always black & white, but its too important to make assumptions.
If we think that the project will be exempt from Planning:
- Prepare initial design drawings
- Send drawings to planners for pre-planning advice.
- Get feedback that will determine whether we make a planning application.
If we think that the project will require Planning:
- Prepare initial design drawings
- Make planning application.
- Planners make decision
One of the most important points for you to take away from this guide is to remember to get something in writing whether you need planning or not.
If you don’t need planning permission then you can get a ‘certificate of Lawfulness’ this is a legal document to say that the works have been carried out lawfully.
At the very least you should get an email from the planners to state that in their opinion no planning is required, however every local authority works differently, some may be happy to provide this, others may not, in this case, it would be a smart move to obtain a ‘Certificate of lawfulness’.
Cost of Planning
Planning application cost — £202.00
Certificate of Lawfulness cost — £101.00
Regardless of whether your loft conversion requires planning permission or not, you will need to obtain a Building warrant for the work that you intend to carry out.
The Planning department & Building standards are 2 separate departments, just because planning permission is not required does not mean that you are exempt from obtaining a building warrant or building regulations approval.
A building warrant is a legal document in Scotland that gives you permission to commence building work or to convert a building.
A building warrant is required for nearly every construction project, large or small regardless if you are building an extension or knocking down a load bearing wall, or in this case a Loft conversion project.
Your Architect or Designer will draw up detailed technical drawings for submission to the local authority Building standards department, this will then receive an initial assessment by a building standards surveyor against the requirements of the Building (Scotland) Regulations. The guidance contained in the latest Technical Handbooks will help the assessment of your plans.
This is a hefty document of some 500+ pages.
If you have time to burn and fancy reading this click here
Below are some of the technical areas that require compliance with current Building standards.
Structure – Required to withstand loads placed upon the new habitable space within your Loft.
Fire – Fire resistance & separation to comply with the duration required, fire doors may be required etc.
Environment – Drainage, sanitary facilities, heating, ventilation etc.
Safety – Stairs, Electrical safety, etc.
Noise – Noise separation, Noise reduction between rooms.
Energy – Insulation, heating, lighting.
The above will give you just a flavor of what is required for a Loft conversion, it might seem onerous, but all of this will make your new Loft conversion a comfortable, warm & well-ventilated space.
Building Warrant Fees
Building warrant fees are set by the Scottish government and are therefore the same no matter what local authority is administering your building warrant.
The fee is payable by you, direct to your local authority building standards department, the fee is directly related to the cost of your loft conversion project.
Click below to work out your building warrant fee.
(the link is for City of Edinburgh but can be applied to any local authority in Scotland)
How much will my loft conversion cost?
The big question!
Again, this guide cannot give you an exact figure as each project is unique and as such the cost will only apply to that specific project.
As with any building project, many things influence the cost, the geographical location, the specification, and finish etc.
How much do Loft Conversion Plans cost?
To find out how much Loft Conversion plans cost, head over to our Fees page
Below we Have Shown the Prices for a Real-Life Loft Conversion Project:
The following costs are for a bungalow loft conversion, incorporating Velux Cabrio balcony windows, lounge area, bedroom area & bathroom. This project took 8 weeks to complete.
|COST OF BUILDING WORK||£36,000.00|
|Architectural FEES (including site supervision)||£5850.00|
|BUILDING WARRANT FEE||£593.00|
Here are the areas we carry out loft conversion projects in:
- City of Edinburgh
- East Lothian
- West Lothian
- Perth & Kinross
- Dundee City
So, whilst Loft conversions may sometimes be challenging, they can be worthwhile, here are 5 benefits of a Loft Conversion
- Add value to your home
- More space without moving
- Add variety-interesting spaces
- More storage
- Lots of light
So, you now know the process of a typical loft conversion, but there are probably many more questions that you have, email us firstname.lastname@example.org
Alternatively, if you are ready to move ahead with your project or would like to discuss your project further you can get your FREE 20 ‘Ask the Expert’ call.